However, the interpretation and conclusions contained in this paper are those of the authors alone. Here, Poisson regression models with robust standard errors were performed as an alternative to logistic regression to examine the association of case/control alcohol consumption status with current occupation, where all employed participants not working in each specific job were used as the reference group.

Diagnosis, assessment and Management of Harmful Drinking and Alcohol Dependence. Understanding the relationship between occupation and alcohol use offers opportunities to provide efficient and economical health promotion programmes based on evidence of need. 2007;44(2):1248.

Similar results have been reported in Sweden [12] and the US [11, 22] for construction and mining, suggesting this effect is consistent across Western nations. Baseline assessment was undertaken between 2006 and 2010 at one of 22 centres across the UK; 89% were recruited from 17 centres in England, 7% from two in Scotland, and 4% from three in Wales. Current evidence suggests that strategies which address organisational factors may be more effective than individually focused approaches. There was evidence, following correction for multiple comparisons, of 77 occupations having an association with alcohol consumption status in drinkers (Table S1), with 51 having a higher ratio of heavy drinkers (Table1). California Privacy Statement, Gender-specific heavy drinking was then defined as >35units/week for women and>50units/week for men. We also applied a formal correction for multiple comparisons, which gives us further confidence that the results are robust. alcohol-related death) of interest than other studies using occupation as their independent variable. Prev Med. There was also evidence that gender was a moderating factor in some circumstances but the effect of duration in current employment was varied within and between alcohol drinking groups. Alcohol-related hospital utilization and mortality in different occupations in Sweden in 1991-1995. Cases were more likely to be males and younger than controls (both P<0.05, data not shown).

Ethical approval for UK Biobank was gained from the Research Ethics Service (REC reference: 15/NW/0274), and written informed consent was obtained from all participants. Health Econ. The largest ratios for heavy drinkers were observed for publicans and managers of licenced premises (PR=2.81, 95%CI 2.523.14); industrial cleaning process occupations (PR=2.09, 1.333.28); and plasterers (PR=2.07, 1.662.59). 2008;29(4):34156. The UK Biobank is a large population cohort of ~502,000 individuals from the UK aged 4069years at the time of recruitment. Bush DM, Lipari RN. J Prim Prev.

Epidemiology. The number of occupations retained in the analysis when stratified by gender decreased to 279 for males and 170 for females. Looking at individual factors, even when models are adjusted for other variables, might be an insufficient method for ensuring alcohol interventions target the correct groups. Understanding the relationship between occupation and alcohol use offers opportunities to provide health promotion programmes based on evidence of need. Cite this article. Occupational health decennial supplement. National level data has been used to good effect in several countries to observe links between job type and alcohol-related outcomes. Office for National Statistics.

Alcohol Alcohol. Employment status was available for >99% of UK Biobank participants. DeWit DJ, Adlaf EM, Offord DR, Ogborne AC. All participants that indicated they consumed alcohol were asked to quantify their intake per week or per month using standard drink sizes (e.g. Age at first alcohol use: a risk factor for the development of alcohol disorders. The funders did not engage in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; or preparation, review, and approval of the manuscript. After correction for multiple testing, 30 occupations associated with an increased risk of heavy drinking showed evidence of a trend. EMP04: employment by occupation AprilJune 2008.

Ames GM, Bennett JB. CAS Medical practitioners had the lowest ratio of heavy drinkers in the main cohort. MP supervised the project. Alcohol Alcohol. Is the duration of poverty and unemployment a risk factor for heavy drinking? The largest effect sizes for being a case were observed for publicans and managers of licenced premises (PR=2.81, 95%CI 2.523.14); industrial cleaning process occupations (PR=2.09, 1.333.28); plasterers (PR=2.07, 1.662.59); and sport and leisure assistants (PR=2.07, 1.452.97). Prevalence ratios (PRs) and 95% CIs were calculated for gender-specific heavy drinking in 353 occupations using Standard Occupational Classification, V.2000. Data from 2805 employed adults in the US estimates that the prevalence of workforce impairment due to alcohol use is 15%, with variation across different occupation sectors [8]. Article

Although this effect appears to be almost entirely driven by males who make up the majority (92.3% in 2008 [21]) of those working in this job group. When increasing the cut-off for counts in either controls or cases from < 5 to < 50, the number of occupations remaining for analysis reduced to 103 in the main cohort and to 70 and 27 in the analysis for males and females, respectively. 2007;35:6. 2008;42(6):9928.

The prevention of substance abuse among construction workers: a field test of a social-cognitive program. Thirty-six of the 353 jobs analysed were excluded because of counts <5 in at least one group. Such effective measures are likely to benefit the individual, business and the wider economy through improved productivity.

Bo L, Lehr D, Schaub MP, Paz Castro R, Riper H, Berking M, et al. There is also evidence that female officers take more sick days, impacting available deployable days across a force, which might be a result of stress and/or alcohol consumption [35]. There is however a need to acknowledge the greater proportion of males, and slightly younger mean age in our sample, than the entire UK Biobank cohort, and that UK Biobank has certain selection biases towards a healthy volunteer population which means it is unlikely to completely represent the population workforce [46]. By using this website, you agree to our

2006;41(suppl_1):i2636. Bockerman P, Hyytinen A, Maczulskij T. Alcohol consumption and long-term labor market outcomes. In: National Clinical Practice Guideline 115; 2009. most four-digit SOCs associated with heavy drinking derive from a two-digit SOC that is associated with heavy drinking) (Table S9).

2015;12(3):e1001779. These contrary occupation-specific outcomes highlight how occupational environment, which may include specific societal and religious beliefs, influences relationships with alcohol. Increase the cut-off for counts in either controls or cases from <5 to <50. For example, high risk drinkers in Australia were approximately 22 times more likely to be absent from work due to their alcohol use compared to low risk drinkers [7]. The occupations with the lowest PR remained clergy (PR=0.18, 0.110.30) for men and school secretaries for women (PR=0.46, 0.290.74).

Bmj. Article Clergy (PR=0.20, 0.130.32); physicists, geologists and meteorologists (PR=0.40, 0.250.65); and medical practitioners (PR=0.40, 0.320.50) were least likely to be heavy drinkers. The base model included all participants and age, sex and recruitment centre (n=22) as covariates.

Thompson, A., Pirmohamed, M. Associations between occupation and heavy alcohol consumption in UK adults aged 4069years: a cross-sectional study using the UK Biobank. AT and MP conceived the project. This approach allows the direct estimation of prevalence ratios (PRs) through the exponential function of the Poisson model coefficient and associated 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) to be calculated for each job whilst negating convergence problems of binomial models when the prevalence of the outcome is high or if any of the covariates are continuous [17, 18]. former heavy drinkers that were now abstinent) and the aim of understanding behaviour in drinkers. Several studies that integrated alcohol interventions into health promotion programmes using a combination of educational, counselling and brief intervention strategies reported promising results [28, 29], whilst others have had null effects [30]. Alcohol consumption and its associated consequences remain a major public health challenge, and determining the factors that contribute to alcohol consumption, especially very high levels, is important for deciding where to target intervention resources. In males, bricklayers had the highest ratio of heavy drinkers and higher education teaching professionals had the lowest (Table S7).


2016;16(1):111. Hermansson U, Helander A, Brandt L, Huss A, Rnnberg S. Screening and brief intervention for risky alcohol consumption in the workplace: results of a 1-year randomized controlled study. 2017;26(3):27591. Br J Psychiatry. Additional covariates (index of multiple deprivation, disability status, and ethnicity) were added to the model and a change in effect size of >10% was considered evidence for including the variable to account for potential bias. All supplementary tables as listed in the main manuscript.

This is important as alcohol is a contributing factor in many conditions, not only those that are wholly attributable to alcohol (e.g. 2018;113(4):63546. 2008;67(6):94755. Indeed results from a study using members of a police service in Australia found that factors related to stress emerged as the most predictive factor for Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test score [34]. Edited by Department for Business Energy and Industrial Strategy; 2017. From an individual perspective, alcohol use increases the risk of physical and mental harm which impact health and can lead to undesirable labour market outcomes such as loss of personal income, injury, and termination of employment [3]. For females, it included biological scientists and biochemists (PR=0.51, 0.330.79) and physiotherapists (PR=0.53, 0.330.84).


Springer Nature. London: Croom Helm Ltd,; 1988. Verbal interviews were conducted with those that indicated their status as being In paid employment or self-employed. Reynolds GS, Lehman WE, Bennett JB. The variation in case control status explained by occupation alone was around 5%. Jones R, Elias P. CASCOT: computer-assisted structured coding tool. A recent web-based alcohol intervention was shown to have positive outcomes in moderate drinkers [31], whilst also negating the potential fears of stigmatisation amongst co-workers [32]. Hemmingsson T, Ringbck GW.

Anyone you share the following link with will be able to read this content: Sorry, a shareable link is not currently available for this article. Workplace interventions and policies have the potential to act as prevention measures in occupations where heavy drinking is prevalent. Indeed, the proportion of total jobs associated with heavy drinking accounted for by skilled trade occupations was 0.44 for males and 0.05 for females, and 0.10 for males and 0.40 for females when considering managers and senior officials. 2014;75(1):3546. Workers' drinking patterns: the impact on absenteeism in the Australian work-place. Aggregating the occupation data to two-digit SOC, V.2000 exhibits support for the main findings. Heikkil K, Nyberg ST, Fransson EI, Alfredsson L, De Bacquer D, Bjorner JB, et al. Abstainers were not included due to uncertainty regarding reason for current abstinence (e.g. Addiction. PubMed Central 2017;186(9):102634. To view a copy of this licence, visit Roche AM, Pidd K, Berry JG, Harrison JE.

The study is cross-sectional and therefore we are unable to infer causation.

Financial headache: the cost of workplace hangovers and intoxication to the UK economy; 2019. We aimed to determine associations between occupation and heavy alcohol consumption in working individuals aged 4069years.

joyce yootha smoking tv actress british television needham From a business perspective, alcohol has been linked to decreased productivity, absenteeism/presenteeism, neglect of co-workers safety, and antisocial behaviours in the workplace [5, 6].

Ito C, Yuzuriha T, Noda T, Ojima T, Hiro H, Higuchi S. Brief intervention in the workplace for heavy drinkers: a randomized clinical trial in Japan.

Employers often sustain many of the gross financial consequences associated with alcohol misuse, and the impact is disproportionately large for small businesses.

Socioeconomic patterning of excess alcohol consumption and binge drinking: a cross-sectional study of multilevel associations with neighbourhood deprivation. French MT, Maclean JC, Sindelar JL, Fang H. The morning after: alcohol misuse and employment problems. 2004;24(8):9811010. Another specific outcome observed in females was that of a higher ratio of heavy drinking in driving instructors. In the largest such study to date, our aim was to identify whether certain occupations are associated with being a heavy alcohol drinker in 4069year olds. Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. Those working in other industries, especially with links to alcohol, also demonstrate increased propensity for heavy drinking. 2) and 27 in females (Table S5 and Fig. 2014;25(2):1707. BMC Public Health. Understanding which occupations, together with other factors, are associated with heavy alcohol consumption is important to ensure that resources for interventions are appropriately targeted to elicit maximum benefit. Pulido J, Vallejo F, Alonso-Lpez I, Regidor E, Villar F, de la Fuente L, et al. Poortinga W. The prevalence and clustering of four major lifestyle risk factors in an English adult population. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data. Bellis MA, Hughes K, Nicholls J, Sheron N, Gilmore I, Jones L. The alcohol harm paradox: using a national survey to explore how alcohol may disproportionately impact health in deprived individuals.

This might be linked to job strain [24] or long working hours [25], although there is strong evidence from a multi-national study that women who are highly educated, a factor positively associated with senior employment, are more likely to be heavy drinkers [26]. A PR >1 represents a higher likelihood of case status when employed in the investigated occupation; a PR <1 represents a higher likelihood of control status. Kaila-Kangas L, Koskinen A, Pensola T, Mkel P, Leino-Arjas P. Alcohol-induced morbidity and mortality by occupation: a population-based follow-up study of working Finns. Scand J Work Environ Health. Participants were subsequently stratified by gender and the models rerun to explore whether there was evidence of differential outcomes between males and females. Job strain and alcohol intake: a collaborative meta-analysis of individual-participant data from 140 000 men and women. Finally, we estimated the amount of variance explained in case-control status by occupation using McFaddens R-squared.

Rev Saude Publica. In females, vocational and industrial trainers and instructors had the highest ratio of heavy drinkers and primary and nursery education teaching professionals had the lowest (Table S8). Alcohol Clin Exp Res. Individuals with contact information available via National Health Service central registers who met the age and distance from recruitment centre criteria were invited by letter to join the study (~9 million people). drinking status) or outcome (e.g. burnout doctor berkeley edu hours its medical burnt via Am J Epidemiol. coaching pearltrees coelho paulo toi oamenii institute Jobs identified as skilled trades were most likely to be associated with heavy alcohol consumption. Brown J, Woolfenden S. Implications of the changing gender ratio amongst warranted police officers. 2010;45(3):2527.

professional occupations). Finally, the data were collected 20062010 which means we may have missed changes in drinking patterns and occupations in the intervening years, although evidence from the ONS suggests that, with the exception of managers / senior officials and professional occupations, the proportion employed in each broad occupation category is similar between 2008 and 2018 (Table S11). Alcohol Clin Exp Res. PubMedGoogle Scholar. PubMed Central Industrial StrategyIn. Nolen-Hoeksema S. Gender differences in risk factors and consequences for alcohol use and problems.

Nandi A, Glymour MM, Subramanian S. Association among socioeconomic status, health behaviors, and all-cause mortality in the United States. Romeri E, Baker A, Griffiths C. Alcohol-related deaths by occupation, England and Wales, 2001-05. Supplementary Tables S1-S11. We performed sensitivity analysis to account for concerns of low power by increasing the threshold of occupation exclusion from <5 to <50 counts in either cases or controls and by aggregating occupations to two-digit SOC, V.2000. This reduced to 4.2% for males and 2.1% females when occupations were stratified by gender. Given that UK law deems the driving supervisor to be in control of the car and the general risk posed by motor vehicles, members of this group might be considered appropriate for screening and preventive non-specialist approaches such as brief interventions [36]. demands, effort-reward deficits) [33].

The lower number of occupations reaching statistical significance prohibited meaningful interpretation of broad categories for females. PubMed statement and Identifying 17,907 cases means that our study has a higher number of individuals with the risk factor (e.g. Eliason M. Alcohol-related morbidity and mortality following involuntary job loss: evidence from Swedish register data. cases), of which 5154 (28.8%) were females. Terms and Conditions, 2004;25(3):33757. In cross-sectional studies with binary outcomes, the association between exposure and outcome is estimated by means of prevalence ratios. Psychosocial correlates of the perceived stigma of problem drinking in the workplace. In: Glegg R, editor.

Strona nie została znaleziona – Pension HUBERTUS***

It looks like you’re lost...


It looks like nothing was found at this location. You can either go back to the last page or go to homepage.

Wenn Sie Fragen haben, kontaktieren Sie uns bitte. Wir sprechen Deutsch.


Kosewo 77, 11-700 Mrągowo
Masuren, Polen

Rufen Sie für Reservierungen

Schnell Über uns
  • 10 Doppelzimmer, 1 Appartment
  • Direkt am Juksty See
  • Im Herzen von Masuren (zwischen Mrągowo und Nikolaiken)
  • Lagefeur und Grillplatz
  • Frühstück und Abendessen
  • Kostenlos Wi-Fi-Internet
  • Eigene Strand mit Steg
familienurlaub am see
Masuren Pension HUBERTUS

Copyright © 2022. Alle Rechte vorbehalten.