despair" by the magnitude of the problems of the internally action on behalf of internally displaced people (The State of 2 0 obj 165 0 obj<>stream Sixteen-year-old Milana discovers what it means to be displaced three 13. ?rg@6`MYW{,gz(CdY5QKQIvA m?6 A3=m(8^}tA7xK (x,x+//QF_*=;x|^S&NS&BP)#9]DG16M+*_6%xb UNHCR's Global Trends report presents key statistical trends and the latest numbers of refugees, asylum seekers, internally displaced and stateless persons worldwide as well as numbers of people who have returned to their countries or areas of origin.

assumptions about the degree of protection which can be provided by an Assisting internally displaced as part of a reintegration operation for returnees is the most frequent way in which UNHCR becomes involves with internal displacement. We work with other humanitarian agencies to make sure we reach everyone in need, but we are all guided by the same set of policies which are set out in the principle working document, UNHCRs Strategic Directions 2017-2021. internally displaced people try to survive in the midst of continuing f IDPs stay within their own country and remain under the protection of its government, even if that government is the reason fortheir displacement. (a) Recognizes that the involuntary displacement of persons within their own countries is a problem of global dimensions, and that the plight of such internally displaced persons, whose numbers may exceed those of refugees, is a matter of grave humanitarian concern; (b) Notes that the many and varied underlying causes of involuntary internal displacement and of refugee movements are often similar, and that the problems of both refugees and the internally displaced often call for similar measures with respect to prevention, protection, humanitarian assistance, and solutions; (c) Reiterates the need for the international community to seek ways and means to avert involuntary displacements; (d) Emphasizes that since internally displaced persons remain within the territorial jurisdiction of their own countries, the primary responsibility for their welfare and protection lies with the State concerned; (e) Urges the Governments of States where there are internally displaced persons to fulfil their responsibility for their welfare and protection; (f) Calls upon the international community, in appropriate circumstances, to provide timely and speedy humanitarian assistance and support to countries affected by internal displacement to help them fulfil their responsibility towards the displaced; (g) Notes that, in many instances, the internally displaced are present alongside refugees, returnees, or a vulnerable local population, in situations where it is neither reasonable nor feasible to treat the categories differently in responding to their needs for assistance and protection; (h) Recognizes that actions by the international community, in consultation and coordination with the concerned State, on behalf of the internally displaced may contribute to the easing of tensions and the resolution of problems resulting in displacement, and constitute important components of a comprehensive approach to the prevention and solution of refugee problems; (i) Calls on the Governments concerned to ensure safe and timely humanitarian access to persons in need of protection and assistance, including the internally displaced and victims of armed conflict, as well as refugees within their territories; (j) Recognizes that resolution 48/116, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 20 December 1993, which reaffirmed support for the High Commissioner's efforts, "on the basis of specific requests from the Secretary-General or the competent principal organs of the United Nations and with the consent of the concerned State, and taking into account the complementarities of mandates and expertise of other relevant organizations, in providing humanitarian assistance and protection to persons displaced within their own country in situations calling for the Office's particular expertise, especially where such efforts could contribute to the prevention or solution of refugee problems", continues to provide an appropriate framework for the involvement of the High Commissioner in situations of internal displacement; (k) Encourages the High Commissioner to continue the efforts of her Office to put into action its internal criteria and guidelines for UNHCR involvement in situations of internal displacement, as an important contribution towards a more concerted response by the international community to the needs of the internally displaced; (l) Emphasizes that activities on behalf of internally displaced persons must not undermine the institution of asylum, including the right to seek and enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution; (m) Recognizes that international human rights law, international humanitarian law, and, in many cases, national laws include norms providing for the security and protection of the internally displaced as well as those at risk of displacement, and expressed serious concern at the failure of parties involved to respect these norms; (n) Acknowledges the importance of the work of the Representative of the Secretary-General for Internally Displaced Persons and, in particular, his efforts to compile existing international standards in respect of the treatment of the internally displaced, and to develop a code of conduct comprising guiding principles in this regard; (o) Calls on UNHCR to continue its close cooperation with the Representative of the Secretary-General in the fulfilment of his mandate; (p) Further acknowledges the essential role of the International Committee of the Red Cross in disseminating international humanitarian law and in providing protection and humanitarian assistance to those displaced by armed conflict; (q) Calls for the strengthening of efforts in the training and dissemination of international human rights law and international humanitarian law and for the joint promotion, by organizations and agencies concerned, of the implementation of these international standards; (r) Considers that, in addressing the problem of internal displacement, the international community should seek to collaborate to the maximum possible extent with existing humanitarian organizations, including non-governmental organizations, with relevant expertise; (s) Encourages UNHCR to continue its efforts, under the leadership of the Emergency Relief Coordinator, and in cooperation with other agencies concerned, to reinforce and structure coordination through existing interagency mechanisms, notably the Interagency Standing Committee, in order to improve the response by the international community to the plight of the internally displaced, and stresses the importance in this connection of strengthening mechanisms for the sharing of information; (t) Urges that discussions on interagency aspects of internal displacement be pursued actively in other appropriate fora so as to ensure a comprehensive and coherent approach by the international community to the problem of internally displaced persons.

Read the latest Global Trends report published in June 2022: 16. The Global Compact on Refugees notes that one strategic priority for UNHCR and the humanitarian community is to identify and support durable solutions that enable refugees to rebuild their lives and live in safety and dignity. The agony of six years of civil war is evident everywhere in Liberia, even the 20 months of conflict. As the example of Srebrenica showed, care must be taken to avoid naive We also provide life-saving assistance and work to identify solutions for displaced communities. In GA resolution 36/125 of 14 December 1981, the General Assembly reaffirmed the "High Commissioner's leading responsibility in emergency situations regarding refugees and displaced persons of concern to his Office as well as his responsibility in the co-ordination of assistance in those situations". 2 w For instance, in the context of former Yugoslavia UNHCR was designated by the UN Secretary General to be the lead agency to co-ordinate the UN's humanitarian response to the internally displaced (on this basis UNHCR continues to lead the international efforts on behalf of IDPs in Kosovo). %%EOF <> More information on UNHCRs coordination of the clusters at global and field level can be found in our Emergency Handbook. This note has been superseded by "Internally Displaced Persons: the Role of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees" dated 6 March 2000. endobj In last year's Global Trends report, UNHCR predicted that "the question is no longer if forced displacement will exceed 100 million people but rather when". 0000014196 00000 n U.N. General Assembly resolutions authorising UNHCR's involvement with the internally displaced have consistently stressed the need to respect complementary mandates and relevant expertise of other international organisations. and Displacement, International UNHCR has interpreted the General Assembly resolutions, and in particular resolution 48/116, as providing the Organisation with a mandate to address the challenges of internal displacement in a flexible manner. Danger: safe areas (103, I - 1996) Interview: Cornelio Sommaruga, blue hands, Red As a refugee organisation, an over-arching consideration affecting UNHCR's involvement is the need to ensure that its activities on behalf of the internally displaced do not, in any way, jeopardise the protection of refugees, who remain the primary focus of the organisation, or undermine the institution of asylum, including the right of the internally displaced to seek asylum if they so wish. 3$D"UqCAC>=lz:@'qdfCR!G#Px$R,>z;"bbo]-2b3b,\^U=ZaTH>s@@pF>Q*K:[[ }TNZ\(~'nJf =HiXB,BzN.cbVD! Sadly, the humanitarian needs of the world's millions of internally The Democratic Republic of the Congo, Nigeria, South Sudan, Sudan, the Syrian Arab Republic and Yemen saw increases of between 100,000 and 500,000 people displaced internally in 2021. region. But there xb```b``g`e`d`@ (G#~Z\4Z5sZOj$'d/k9k /I_$R "A`@p``,*@,r 2MHA1'$$=s Nevertheless, UNHCR currently assists some 4.4 million internally displaced persons. 10. UNHCR has undertaken a number of innovative measures such as inter-entity bus lines and the "Open Cities" initiative to create openings for voluntary return and encourage conditions conducive to safe return. 12. While the protection and assistance of refugees will remain UNHCR's primary concern, the Office recognises that the problems of the internally displaced and of refugees are often manifestations of the same phenomenon of coerced displacement. there are few refugees, but up to 3 million internally displaced in the Resources for asylum-seekers in the United States, Our fight against sexual exploitation, abuse and harassment, Environment, Disasters and Climate Change. Last Updated: Wednesday, 20 July 2022, 13:49 GMT, 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, 1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees, 1954 Convention Relating to the Status of Stateless Persons, 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness, UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). Cornelio Sommaruga, President of the International Committee of the Red

Successive General Assembly resolutions have endorsed the competence of UNHCR to include not only persons who are outside their country of origin owing to a well-founded fear of persecution but also persons who are forced to leave their countries due to armed conflict, foreign occupation, serious public disorder, generalised violence or massive violations of human rights and who are unable or unwilling to return to their countries because of a serious threat to their life, liberty and security of person. ^~8BC#YAX$ct)/QmP_ H Data is available at: www.unhcr.org/refugee-statistics, Resources for asylum-seekers in the United States, Tackling sexual exploitation, abuse and harassment, Environment, Disasters and Climate Change. At the end of 2021, the total number of people worldwide who were forced to flee their homes due to conflicts, violence, fear of persecution and human rights violations was 89.3 million. 5. Back to the future (103, I - 1996) displaced internally hrea endobj The hidden face of the refugee problem In Latin America, for example, Out of sight, out of mind (103, I - 1996) Global Trends Report. The number of Venezuelans displaced abroad also rose, from 3.9 million to 4.4 million, during the same period. international presence operating without effective enforcement. Home is where the hurt is (103, I - 1996) In November 1991, UNHCR was requested by the UN Secretary-General to act as lead agency to provide protection and assistance to internally displaced persons affected by the conflict in former Yugoslavia. 0000001947 00000 n Yugoslavia has perhaps been the most problematic and by far the Of all UNHCR programs involving the internally displaced, former If lasting peace were possible for current conflicts, how many refugees and IDPs would return? 167 0 obj<>stream 1. 0000008852 00000 n Displaced Persons: The Role of the United Nations High Commissioner for Unlike refugees, they are on the run at home. This is more than double the 42.7 million people who remained forcibly displaced a decade ago and the most since World War II. Known as internally displaced people, or IDPs, they account for some 60 per cent of all people displaced. These same features mark many situations of internal displacement and underlie UNHCR's concern for and interest in internally displaced persons. Because UNHCR's activities on behalf of the internally displaced in the context of a repatriation operation are usually indivisible from its mandated protection and assistance activities for returning refugees, specific authorisation would not normally be a precondition for the organisation's involvement. action on behalf of internally displaced people. 8. 4 0 obj 22. The international community can take action, to redouble efforts to share responsibilities and find durable solutions, which could reverse the current trend, bringing displacement levels down significantly. HtVK6[*|z$E-=$Ei[]YtD*w0`po$IU_>bon?Pj{#lV'+VP_Q5+YV,ekl:iFb~sRMFY?a,c:ZR4 trailer 0000011935 00000 n Z)33 g/6 d),%g,Cn6m[I`^HA(S;6w:va^z@/NEH o*S Z F3fz2D I"]]!ZITM:TKm?Pz~t*=2+WCe-T~A!'2/eA~ WO`Xyl '=i co ,(ED(pOD~,bj_CAb.

In 1974, the Secretary General requested UNHCR to co-ordinate humanitarian assistance to Greek and Turkish Cypriots who were internally displaced. Read more: What is the difference between population statistics for forcibly displaced and the population of concern to UNHCR?

A displaced all too often fall into oblivion. Conclusion endorsed by the Executive Committee of the High Commissioner's Programme upon the recommendation of the Sub-Committee of the Whole on International Protection of Refugees. 6.

The number of internally displaced persons in the Horn of Africa could be Although its focus is on refugees, UNHCR has been involved in numerous 11. There are an estimated 30 million internally displaced people in the world The latest Global Trends report reflects on the period January 2021 to December 2021.

7. - ability of UNHCR to maintain its institutional independence as a non-political and humanitarian organisation, and to intervene directly with the Governments and parties concerned through its field presence. biggest and most high-profile of them all. 9. stream p"`q 2A1 endstream endobj 141 0 obj<> endobj 142 0 obj<>/Encoding<>>>>> endobj 143 0 obj<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 144 0 obj[145 0 R] endobj 145 0 obj<>/A 163 0 R/P 143 0 R/Q 1/T(TOC LINK)/DA(/Helv 10 Tf 0 g)/DV 164 0 R/FT/Tx/Type/Annot/Ff 4194304/MK<>/AP<>>> endobj 146 0 obj<>/Type/XObject/BBox[0.0 0.0 183.25 20.0]/FormType 1>>stream Recognising that issues of internal displacement cannot be addressed by a single agency, increased emphasis is being placed by the U.N. system on co-ordination mechanisms such as the Office of the Co-ordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) and the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC), and, at the field level, the Resident/Humanitarian Co-ordinators. While recognising the difficulties of protecting the internally displaced in their own country, UNHCR nevertheless believes that activities with respect to internally displaced persons should not be limited to the delivery of relief assistance, but should include a protection component. Tackling sexual exploitation, abuse and harassment, Environment, Disasters and Climate Change, Global Camp Coordination Camp Management Cluster, UNHCR's initiative on internal displacement 2020-2021, Operational Review of UNHCR's Engagement in Situations of Internal Displacement Final Report, Policy on UNHCR's Engagement in Situations of Internal Displacement, Guidance package for UNHCR's engagement in situations of internal displacement, Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement, The African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa (Kampala Convention), ICGLR Protocol on the Protection and Assistance to Internally Displaced Persons, Handbook on Internal Displacement for National Human Rights Institutions, Handbook for the Protection of Internally Displaced Persons, Durable Solutions Preliminary Operational Guide, IASC Principals Centrality of Protection in Humanitarian Action, IASC Policy on Protection in Humanitarian Action, IASC Framework for Durable Solutions for Internally Displaced Persons, Handbook on Internal Displacement for Parliamentarians, Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of IDPs. 0000001456 00000 n UNHCR's growing involvement with internally displaced persons has coincided with more focused attention by the international community on the plight of the internally displaced. International

~0+N@ /`p>!$ 1 G are some obvious reasons to continue exploring ways in which people's 0000036978 00000 n <> xref 0 However, the limited numbers of returns of minorities so far emphasise the difficulties inherent in reversing "ethnic cleansing" and the limits of humanitarian action in the absence of political will. s Although UNHCR's ability to protect was limited by the brutal nature of the war, the Office's monitoring and reporting helped to focus the attention of the international community on the plight of civilians.

If lasting peace were achieved in a few key locations, global refugee figures could halve to around 10 million, where they stood two decades ago. [evREO}8#!IB15] UNHCR's involvement with the internally displaced is usually in operations where the problems of internally displaced people are closely linked to those of refugees or returnees: when a situation of displacement straddles a border, with refugees in a country of asylum, and internally displaced in the country of origin, as in Kosovo; or when former refugees return to their country but not to their place of origin, and become de facto internally displaced persons, as in Sri Lanka; or when the internally displaced are mixed with returnee populations or in potential areas of return of refugees, as in the Horn of Africa.

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