In practice, it will only return a single product array. Now add the following code in loader.component.html, To display loader on page, we will add the selector of LoaderComponent in the app.component.html as shown below. I have added *ngIf directive, which will make the loader visible only when loaderService.visible is true. Replace the removeProduct() methodin ProductService with below code.

Our current In Memory Web APIURL is api/products; define productsUrl as below. Get Product by id : getProduct(id) method, Awesome Charts in Angular 13 with ng2-charts, Client-Side PDF Generation In Angular 13 With PDFMake, Dynamically Add Title and Meta Tags on Route Change in Angular, Integrate Google Analytics with Angular | Angular SEO, It constructs a request URL with the desired products. If you are using Angular 2 or 4 and working with Http class of @angular/http (deprecated in Angular 5), then you need to convert response data into JSON object. To makeHttpClientavailable everywhere in the app. angular We can control the visibility of the loader by using one loader service. Define theproductsUrl with the address of the products resource on the server. once web services available from the remote server, you just need to change the URL in Http calls. Note: we are using getProduct() method in product-detail.component.ts, because we have set the delay for the testing purpose, initially product object of product-detail.component.ts will be undefined. Execute below command in terminal to Install theIn-memory Web APIpackage, Once successfully installed, create an InMemoryProductService innew file called. You make a request, it returns a single response. Now, Import the HttpClientInMemoryWebApiModuleand theInMemoryProductService in the AppModule, Add theHttpClinetInMemoryWebApiModuleto the@NgModule.importsarray and configureit with theInMemoryProductService, as shown below. We dont have any web services for our application, we can create web services as I talked above, but instead of creating web services, we can simulate a data server, which work same as other web services. It may also be convenient in the early stages of your own app development when the servers web API is not yet implemented. To catch errors in ProductService.getProducts() method, we pipe the observable result from http.get() through an RxJS catchError() operator. We can use this returned result for showing appropriate message to use if required. Check here to see How to work with HTTP calling in Angular 2 or 4? Now convert the getProducts() method for HttpClient. (elvis operator) in product.productType as product?.productType, so that template will access the productType only when a product is not undefined. So lets start the first step is to enable HTTP services. There are three significant differences fromgetProducts(). It passes the error to an error handlerthat can do what it wants with the error. Import HttpClient and HttpHeadersfrom @angular/common/http in the ProductService. Now we require remote data server which provides HTTP Web Service, which we can call using Angular Front End. httpClient.post(this.productsUrl, product, httpOptions), will pass product object in the body of post call , and send the Headers in the httpOptions. Now inject HttpClientinto the constructor of ProductService in a private property calledhttpClient. Instead of handling the error directly, it returns anerror handlerfunction tocatchErrorthat it has configured with both the name of the operation that failed and a safe return value. How to work with HTTP calling in Angular 2 or 4? Most web APIs support aget by idrequest in the formapi/products/:id(such asapi/products/11). so lets first create LoaderComponent, using below CLI command. Now lets convert other methods for the HTTP Calls. In this tutorial, we will add the data persistence features in our application with the help of Http Services of Angular. In this method, we are passing the product in the JSON format. We can get the product id directly as a number or by getting the product object. Here, we will use Angular 5 to perform HTTP calls. Now lets get the products from the data server. Here, the simulated server returns an Observable, which is successfully added. Here we will get the JSON object of Product Array. Things go wrong,when we are getting data from the remote data server, so we need to catch this errors and do something appropriate. We will do that with the RxJStapoperator, whichlooksat the observable values, doessomethingwith those values, and passes them along. to control the visibility of LoaderCompnent we will create LoaderService, which can be used by any other component. crud bezkoder jpa apis We will mimiccommunication with a remote data server by using theIn-memory Web APImodule. The server should respond with a single product rather than an array of products. If you are usingAngular 2 or 4, read HTTP Calling using Angular 2 or 4. We have created loaderService public, so that we can access it on the template of LoaderComponent. Most front-end applications communicate with backend services over the HTTP protocol. Note: In a previous chapter, we have not converted addProduct() method into an asynchronous method, so in AddProductModelComponent, we are still using synchronous calling of addProduct() method. postgresql bezkoder crud in-memory-product.service.tsas shown below. Because each service method returns a different kind ofObservableresult,handleError()takes a type parameter so it can return the safe value as the type that the app expects. Note:In a previous chapter, we have not convertedremoveProduct()method into an asynchronous method, so inProductsComponent, we are still using synchronous calling ofremoveProduct()method. So if you run the application you will get the error on a console as : Cannot read property productType of undefined. By using res.json() method. HTTP is a request/response protocol. The advantage of simulated data server is, you can start your front end application development without waiting for the web service from the remote web server. handleError() error handler will be shared by manyProductServicemethods so its generalized to meet their different needs. To get the multiple types of the same parameter we will use product: Product | number, Http Web Service Calling using HttpClient, Simulate a Data Server using In Memory Web Api, HttpClient get(), post(), put() and delete() methods. Here is the final version ofgetProducts() with thetapoperator. angular observable example observe appropriately react httpclient api meditation figure awakenmindset Replace the loader.component.html as below. the URL is the products resource URL plus theidof the product to delete. As shown below. You can see in a console of the browser that it prints products fetched message and array of product. Angular provides @angular/common/http library for communicating with a remote server over HTTP. Now in whenever you want to make loader visible, use the showLoader() method of LoaderService and hide the loader by using hideLoader(). we will use HttpClient service of @angular/common/httplibrary for HTTP calls. In our simulated data server, we can add the product by passing product object in post call of api/products, Replace the addProduct(product) method with below code. In general, anObservablecanreturn multiple values over time. We will replace the getProduct() method in ProductService with below code. We are not discussing InMemoryWebApi Module in detail, for more information refer README.md of In Memory Web Api module. We can either use loading GIF or rotating icons to display loader. We are using this only to simulate our remote server, if you have remote services available, then you can directly use that web service also. You can create Web Service in any language like Java, PHP, .Net or NodeJS. The shape of the JSON data is determined by the servers data API. So to call getProduct() method we need to subscribe it in AppProductModelComponent as shown below, In above code, we will navigate to products view only when we get the successful result from the addProduct() method of product.service.ts. For the testing purpose, we can also generate the delay in a simulated sever, while performing HTTP calls, by delay property in options of forRoor(), as shown below. Now refresh the page, you will able to see the loader.

We have swappedhttpClient.getforofand the app keeps working without any other changes because both functions return anObservable. Here we will create one LoaderComponentin LayoutModule which we can use to display loader for all the views. AllHttpClientmethods return a RxJSObservableof something. You wont have to set up a server to learn aboutHttpClient. We can consume this web service using HttpClient in an angular app. We will call Http Web Services (REST Services) using HttpClient. But now we have convertedremoveProduct()method into an asynchronous method which returns an observable. AnObservablefromHttpClient always emits a single value and then completes, never to emit again. https://github.com/ngdevelop-tech/electronic-shop, Get Product by id : getProduct(id) method, Cannot read property productType of undefined. This configurationreplaces the mock-product-data.ts, which is now safe to delete. Thats why we will set the HttpHeaders'Content-Type' as 'application/json'. Now refresh the browser and check all the functionality. TheforRoot()configuration method takes anInMemoryProductServiceclass that primes the in-memory database. The same way we will update the AddProductTemplateComponent. The Same way add loader in other components. Applying the optional type specifier,, gives you a typed result object. We will use thedifferent methods like get(), post(), put() and delete() of Http to perform CRUD operations of product. This facility is a great convenience for the tutorial. InProductServicemethods, we willtapinto the flow of observable values and send a message viaconsole.logorwe can use the loggers library to maintain logs. Now we will extend the observable result with the.pipe()method and give it acatchError()operator. We will import thecatchErrorsymbol fromrxjs/operators, along with some other operators we will need later. HttpClient.getreturns thebodyof the response as an untyped JSON object by default. theIn-memory Web APImodule has nothing to do with HTTP in Angular. HTTP services is the important part of any application which communicates with the server. So to callremoveProduct()method we need tosubscribeit inProductsComponent, so replace the deleteProduct() method of ProductsComponent as shown below. Thetapcall back doesnt touch the values themselves. This particularHttpClient.getcall returns anObservable, literally an observable of products arrays. When your server is ready, detach theIn-memory Web API, and the apps requests will go through to the server. ThecatchError()operator intercepts anObservablethat failed. We will create error handler called handleError()method, this method reports the error and then returns an appropriate result so that the application keeps working. We can process the result before we return the result to calling component method. Note: Because I have put the delay of 2 seconds, in InMemoryProductService, you will see the result after 2 seconds. Note: we need to export LoaderComponent from the LayoutModule, to use it outside the LayoutModule.

After reporting the error to console, the handler returns a safe value to the app so it can keep working. We can pass the headers to Http Service using HttpHeaders class of @angular/common/http library. After installing the module, the app will make requests to and receive responses from theHttpClientwithout knowing that theIn-memory Web APIis intercepting those requests, applying them to an in-memory data store, and returning simulated responses. HTTP service call takes some time to get response, So in this delay instead of showing blank space, we can show loader or message to the user. So add the LoaderServiceusing below CLI command in /service folder, Now add the following code in the LoaderService. Till now, we are getting the dummy products data from MockData.Products. To resolve this issue, add ? We need to display the loader only when the HTTP call is in progress, once HTTP call is complete we need to hide the loader. But now we have converted addProduct() method into an asynchronous method which returns an observable.

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