The boy protested that he had finished the job three weeks before. Negative commands and requests are made by verb + object + not + infinitive. An order is when somebody tells you to do something and you have no choice. The nurse asked Joel if/whether he was ready. (original statement: You should wait till the following day.), The guard warned us not to enter the area. "Don't hesitate," our teacher persuaded us. We dont need to change the tense in indirect speech if what a person said is still true or relevant or has not happened yet. We dont use the auxiliary verb do or does in the reported question. "Take off your shoes," I said. "Don't eat so much red meat," the doctor advised me. "Don't leave your luggage unattended," the policewoman warned me. - Our teacher persuaded us not to hesitate. (original yes-no question: Do you want a table near the window? It must be awful to live in such a noisy place, she said. My boss told me he'd finished the report for the next day, or else I was fired. My boss told me to finish the report by the next day, or else you are fired. (For the speakers, the time at the moment of speaking is this year. "Please, stay till the next day," Jill begged me. (The pilots words were: The weather was extremely bad as the plane came in to land.), I told my wife I didnt want a party on my 50th birthday. In indirect speech, we can use the past continuous form of the reporting verb (usually say or tell).

We usually introduce reported orders with the verb "tell". In the direct speech we usually do not mention the person in the imperative. Henry tells me hes thinking of getting married next year. He asked if it costs money to rent a car. Reported speech:She ordered us to leave as it was very late. Once you are finished, click the button below. Any items you have not completed will be marked incorrect. "You mustn't touch the screen," the shop assistant ordered me. Indirect reports of commands consist of a reporting clause, and a reported clause beginning with a to-infinitive: The General ordered the troops to advance. "Stand up!" Quantifiers with Countable & Uncountable Nouns, Articles with Countable & Uncountable Nouns, Nouns that Can Be Countable and Uncountable: Useful List & Examples, Time Adverbs Used with the Present Perfect, Present Perfect & Present Perfect Continuous, No Change in Verb Tenses in Indirect Speech, Changes in Time and Place in Reported Speech. There is no backshift of tenses with commands/requests in Reported Speech.

The world's premier FREE educational website for learners + teachers of EnglishEngland since 1997. prohibition cha primbon The teacher asked them how [S]they [V]wanted to do the activity.

Reported speech: He ordered me to open the door. (original statement: I used to live in Oxford.), The guard warned us that we ought to leave immediately. Present perfect simple or present perfect continuous? he said. speech indirect direct question yes primbon cha word We could sell it for about 2,000 euros, he said. ), He said hes finished painting the door. to introduce commands and requests in the reported speech. My boss told me to finish the report by the next day, or else I'd be fired. You need to be here at nine oclock, George told Beatrice. ), She said shes getting married next year. Backshift refers to the changes we make to the original verbs in indirect speech because time has passed between the moment of speaking and the time of the report. The policeman said: "Get out of your car!".

I told her I would meet her there the next/following day. The word tell in introductory sentences in Reported Commands can be substituted with other words, e.g. Become a supporting member and as an immediate benefit, you will see NO ADS.Thank you for your help! 0 && stateHdr.searchDesk ? Is that true? I would buy it if I had the money, he said. .He asked if my family usually goes on vacation. (original command: Advance!), The chairperson told him to sit down and to stop interrupting.

The teacher told us to look up the words in the dictionary. Learn how to useReported Commands and Requests in English with examples. Reported orders are one form of reported speech. There is no backshift of tenses, no matter which tense is used in the introductory sentence. Do not use the infintive after suggest. Reported Commands and Requests! He asked where my family usually goes on vacation.

In the reported speech the person addressed must be mentioned. ), He asked me if [S] [V]I had come by train or by bus. The teacher wanted to know how to look up the words in the dictionary. ), She promised shell help us. Direct speech: I think you should leave now. You have 6 (six) identical copies in the same page ready to be printed. Indirect reports of statements consist of a reporting clause and a that-clause. Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English. We also use statement word order (subject + verb) with when, where, why and how: I asked her when [S]it [V]had happened (original question: When did it happen?). The policeman instructed us to get out of our car.

Father suggested to watch a film. The structure is very simple: Because we use the infinitive there is no need to worry about tense. We often use the present simple in newspaper headlines. (original statement: You ought to leave immediately.). Add ${headword} to one of your lists below, or create a new one. (It is still true that his brother works for an Italian company. She said she did not wish to discuss it at that moment in time. The word order in indirect reports of wh-questions is the same as statement word order (subject + verb), not question word order: She always asks me where [S] [V]I am going. (The promise applies to the future.). It is not usually polite. Its very late..

"Don't smoke," the doctor warned my father.

because indirect speech happens at a later time than the original speech, and perhaps in a different place. Hope you like it! - The doctor warned my father not to smoke. We can use a perfect form with have + -ed form after modal verbs, especially where the report looks back to a hypothetical event in the past: He said the noise might have been the postman delivering letters. The teacher asked them how did they want to do the activity? Adjectives and adjective phrases: typical errors, Adverbs and adverb phrases: typical errors, Nationalities, languages, countries and regions. Click on the arrows to change the translation direction. (Rupert probably often repeats this statement.). Reported speech: She told me not to answer the phone. In Part 2, we will focus on requests, orders, and questions. (original statement: You must not enter the area.). She said, "You must make the bed before you go to work!". (original question: How do you want to do the activity?). (that-clause without that) (or I told my wife that I didnt want a party on my 50th birthday.). (who is the subject of came; original question: Who came to meet you at the airport?), He wondered what the repairs would cost. Also, this page requires javascript. this is fabulous because it has what i need. This happens mostly in conversation, when the speaker wants to focus on the content of the report, usually because it is interesting news or important information, or because it is a new topic in the conversation: Rory was telling me the big cinema in James Street is going to close down. Indirect reports of wh-questions consist of a reporting clause, and a reported clause beginning with a wh-word (who, what, when, where, why, how).

You only have to change the person and shift expressions of time/place descibed on our page Reported Speech Summary. Im trying to get to sleep.. "Don't forget about your mum's birthday," Sarah reminded me. Used to and ought to do not change in indirect speech: She said she used to live in Oxford.

He said they could sell it for about 2,000 euros. (original statement: Ill help you if you need a volunteer or Id help you if you needed a volunteer.). Direct speech: He said to me Come with me.. Would love your thoughts, please comment. Indirect reports of yes-no questions and questions with or consist of a reporting clause and a reported clause introduced by if or whether. "Park your car behind the hotel, please," the porter asked me. - He told me to stand up. in reported questions, shall becomes should.

Please wait while the activity loads. But as with reported statements and reported requests, we may need to change pronouns as well as time and place in reported orders. My colleague asked me to help him update his computer. In these examples, the present (am) has become the past (was), the future (will) has become the future-in-the-past (would) and the past (happened) has become the past perfect (had happened).

She wanted to know if I will meet her sister. We dont use a question mark when reporting wh-questions: a clever action in a game or other situation that is intended to achieve an advantage and usually involves taking a risk, Keeping an open mind and opening your heart: useful phrases with open. He said we neednt come till six oclock. 'pa pdd chac-sb tc-bd bw hbr-20 hbss lpt-25' : 'hdn'">, Test your vocabulary with our fun image quizzes, Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. You neednt come till six oclock, he said. "Stop laughing at me, please," she asked me. Reported speech: He ordered me not to be back late. Future: other expressions to talk about the future, Future: present continuous to talk about the future (, Future: present simple to talk about the future (, Verb patterns: verb + infinitive or verb + -, Modality: other modal words and expressions, Conjunctions: causes, reasons, results and purpose, Relative clauses referring to a whole sentence, Relative clauses: defining and non-defining, Forming negative statements, questions and imperatives. I told James I hoped he would join us that night. She told her husband to make the bed before he went to work. (what is the object of cost; original question: What will the repairs cost?), She asked us what [S]we [V]were doing.

Changes to personal pronouns in indirect reports depend on whether the person reporting the speech and the person(s) who said the original words are the same or different. He wanted to know how much it costs to rent a car. I asked her where [S]the bus station [V]was. She said, I do not wish to discuss it at this moment in time.. Indirect speech focuses more on the content of what someone said rather than their exact words. The past perfect does not shift back; it stays the same: Some, but not all, modal verbs shift back in time and change in indirect speech. You should go there immediately, she said. Not: She always asks me where am I going. The reported clause is in statement form (subject + verb), not question form: She asked if [S] [V]I was Scottish. He asked where does my family usually go on vacation. He asked what had happened to make her so angry. Learning English Online, Reported commands and requests in English. She asked me to sit down. Please visit using a browser with javascript enabled. same speaker (no change to I; you changes to he). In indirect questions with who, whom and what, the wh-word may be the subject or the object of the reported clause: I asked them who came to meet them at the airport. The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. "Do not hesitate for too long," he told me. (original question: What are you doing?). If you leave this page, your progress will be lost. We often change demonstratives (this, that) and adverbs of time and place (now, here, today, etc.) He said he would buy it if he had the money.

The teacher asked us if we'd looked up the words in the dictionary. (original alternative question: Did you come by train or by bus?), Questions: yes-no questions (Are you feeling cold?). If this activity does not load, try refreshing your browser. It is a "command". Read Reported Speech (Part 1) to learn how to make reported statements.

Direct speech: He said to me, Dont lie to me.. My friend wanted to know what time is it.

(original statement: The noise might be the postman delivering letters.), He said he would have helped us if wed needed a volunteer.

We use verbs such as advise, ask, beg, forbid, order, persuade, recommend, tell, urge, warn etc. 1997-2022 All Rights Reserved. - She urged me to prepare for the exam. This often happens when someone talks about the future, or when someone uses the present simple, present continuous or present perfect in their original words: He told me his brother works for an Italian company. She said it must be awful to live in such a noisy place. - I advised him to take off his shoes. Direct speech: Turn the music down! "Finish the report by tomorrow, or else you're fired.". If loading fails, click here to try again, "Where does your family usually go on vacation?". In indirect speech, the structure of the reported clause depends on whether the speaker is reporting a statement, a question or a command. She wanted to know if I'd met her sister. The tenses have shifted or moved back in time. We also use a to-infinitive clause in indirect reports with other verbs that mean wanting or getting people to do something, for example, advise, encourage, warn: They advised me to wait till the following day.

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